543 R1 – Regulations and Procedures for Distribution of NonSchool Publications by Students
Students of the Urbandale Community School District have the right, protected by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, to exercise freedom of speech. This includes the right to distribute to other students and staff, at reasonable times and places and in reasonable manner, unofficial written material, petitions, buttons, badges, or other insignia, except expression which:
- is obscene to minors;
- is libelous;
- contains indecent, profane, lewd, or vulgar language;
- advertises any product or service not permitted to minors by law;
- endangers the health or safety of another person;
- constitutes insulting or fighting words, the very expression of which injures or harasses other people (e.g., threats of violence or defamation of character based upon a person’s race, color, religion, creed, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, age or national origin);
- presents a clear and present likelihood that, either because of its content or the manner of distribution, it will cause a material and substantial disruption of the proper and orderly operation and discipline of the school or school activities, or it will cause the commission of unlawful acts or the violation of lawful school regulations.
These regulations and procedures apply to the distribution of unofficial materials by Urbandale Community School District students on District premises or at school activities. Persons not students wishing to distribute unofficial materials shall contact the Superintendent’s office. Distribution of student materials in classrooms for classroom activities may be regulated by the classroom teacher to insure compliance with curriculum objectives and District regulations.
- Any student wishing to distribute material must first submit for approval a copy of the material to the building principal at least one (1) school day in advance of the desired distribution time, together with the following information:
a. Name, homeroom and telephone number of the student submitting the request;
b. Date(s) and times(s) of day of intended display or distribution;
c. Location where material will be displayed or distributed; and
d. The grade(s) of students to whom the display or distribution is intended.
- Within one (1) school day of the submission, the principal (or the principal’s designee) will render a decision whether the material violates the Guidelines in section A or the time, place and manner restrictions in section D of the regulation. In the event that permission to distribute the material is denied, the person submitting the request shall be informed in writing of the reasons for the denial.
- If the student submitting the request does not receive a response within one (1) school day of submission, the student shall contact the principal’s office to verify that the lack of response was not due to an inability to locate the student. If the student has made this verification and there is no response to the request, the material may be distributed in accordance with the time, place and manner provisions in section D.
- If the student is dissatisfied with the decision of the principal (or the principal’s designee), the student may submit a written request for appeal to the Superintendent of Schools. The decision of the Superintendent shall be final. If the student does not receive a response within three (3) school days (not counting Saturdays, Sundays or holidays) of submitting the appeal, the student shall contact the Superintendent’s office to verify that the lack of response is not due to an inability to locate the student. If the student has made this verification and there is no response to the appeal, the material may be distributed in accordance with the time, place and manner provisions in section D.
- At every level of the procedure, the student submitting the request shall have the right to appear and present the reasons, supported by relevant witnesses and material, as to why distribution of material is appropriate.
- Permission to distribute material does not imply approval of its contents by either the Urbandale Community School District, the Board of Directors, the administration, or the individual reviewing the material submitted.
D. Time, Place and Manner of Distribution.
The distribution of unofficial material shall be limited to a reasonable time, place, and manner as follows:
- The material shall be distributed from a table set up for the purpose in a location designated by the principal, which location shall not block the safe flow of traffic or block the corridors or entranceways, but which shall give reasonable access to students.
- The material shall be distributed either before and/or after the regular instructional day.
- No written material may be distributed during and at the place of a normal school activity if it is reasonably likely to cause a material and substantial disruption of that activity.
The following definitions apply to the following terms as used in this regulation.
- “Obscene to minors” is defined as:
(a) The average person, applying contemporary community standards, would find that the written material, taken as a whole appeals to the prurient interest of minors of the age to whom distribution is requested;
(b) The material depicts or describes, in a manner that is patently offensive to prevailing standards in the adult community concerning how such conduct should be presented to minors of the age to whom distribution is requested, sexual conduct such as intimate sexual acts (normal or perverted), masturbation, excretory functions, and lewd exhibition of the genitals; and
(c) The material, taken as a whole, lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value for minors.
- “Minor” means any person under the age of eighteen (18).
- “Material and substantial disruption” of a normal school activity is defined as follows:
(a) Where the normal school activity is an educational program of the District for which student attendance is compulsory, “material and substantial disruption” is defined as any disruption which interferes with or impedes the implementation of that program.
(b) Where the normal school activity is voluntary in nature (including, without limitation, school athletic events, school plays and concerts) “material and substantial disruption” is defined as student rioting, fighting or scuffling, unlawful seizures of property, shouting or boisterous conduct inappropriate to the event, participation in a school boycott, demonstration, sit-in, stand-in, walk-out, or other related forms of activity.
In order for expression to be considered disruptive, there must exist specific facts upon which the likelihood of disruption can be forecasted including past experience in the District or community, current events influencing student activities and behavior, and instances of actual or threatened disruption relating to the written material in question.
- “School activities” means any activity of students sponsored by the school and includes, by way of example, and not by way of limitation, classroom work, library activities, official assemblies and other similar gatherings, school athletic contests, music programs, school plays, and other co-curricular activities.
- “Unofficial” written material includes all written material except school newspapers, literary magazines, yearbooks, and other publications funded and/or sponsored or authorized by the school. Examples include leaflets, brochures, flyers, petitions, placards, pins, buttons, and underground newspapers, whether written by students or others.
- “Libelous” is a false and unprivileged statement about a specific individual that tends to harm the individual’s reputation or to lower him/her in the esteem of the community.
- “Distribution” means circulation or dissemination of materials by means of handing out free copies, selling or offering copies for sale and accepting donations for copies. It includes displaying written material in areas of the school which are generally frequented by students.
F. Disciplinary Action
Distribution by any student of unofficial written material prohibited in section A or in violation of section D will be halted, the materials seized, and disciplinary action will be taken in accordance with the District’s Behavior and Discipline Code.
Any other person violating this policy will be requested to leave the school property immediately and, if necessary, the police will be called.
Adopted: January 28, 2008
Date of Revision: May 7, 2018
URBANDALE COMMUNITY SCHOOL DISTRICT BOARD OF DIRECTORS